Here you'll find links to the official curriculum documents for Languages throughout the country, at state/territory and national level.
Australian Curriculum: Languages
Provides curriculum of the Languages learning area in general, and curricula for several single languages from levels F (Foundation) to 10, including a framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages.
State and Territory Languages Curricula F-10
Some states and territories have in place, or are in the process of developing, their own State/Territory curricula for Languages, based on the Australian Curriculum: Languages.
Senior Secondary Languages Curriculum
Senior curriculum for Languages is managed at state/territory level.
Refer to the website of the respective curriculum authority/board of studies in your state/territory. You would also find past Year 12 exam papers and examination reports there for your reference.
A significant number of schools in Australia follow the International Baccalaureate curriculum, for one or all of its programs. The 4 IB programs are: PYP (Primary Years Program), MYP (Middle Years program), DP (Diploma Program) and CP (Career-related Program). The IBO provides its own curricula, including Languages.